Western Civilization Class

The Second Industrial Revolution

The Second Industrial Revolution (1870-1914) saw the development of many significant innovations. Two inventions which stand out are the telephone and the Model T Ford. Alexander Graham Bell, Elisha Gray, and Antonio Meucci were a few of the innovators who gave us the telephone. When the telephone came out in 1876, new possibilities previously undreamed of became… Continue reading The Second Industrial Revolution

Western Civilization Class

Karl Marx’s Failed Predictions

Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a proponent of socialism and communism, and believed that socialism was superior to capitalism. Marx said that socialism will produce more goods and services compared to capitalism and he gave several reasons. He said that socialism will run smoothly and won’t be interrupted by the business cycle. Looking back in history there has never been a… Continue reading Karl Marx’s Failed Predictions

Western Civilization Class

Classical Liberalism

Classical liberalism is an ideology that started to form in the late 18th century and fully developed in the 19th century. Unlike modern liberals in the US today, classical liberalists believed in the freedom of speech and of the press, in the protection of private property, and in religious liberty. They also believed in a laissez-faire (free-market) economy and,… Continue reading Classical Liberalism

Western Civilization Class

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began around 1760 and lasted until 1820 to 1840. Before the Industrial revolution people lived in an agrarian and handicraft economy. Most of the population lived in the countryside, rather than in the cities. Once the Industrial Revolution got under way, people who were not needed in farming (due to new farming equipment) moved to the cities… Continue reading The Industrial Revolution